Makar Sankranti Information

Mansi Mestry
5 min readJan 15, 2022


Makar Sankranti

The movement of the Sun from one zodiac sign to another is called ‘transition’. Going to the Sun in Capricorn is called ‘Capricorn Transition’. Every year Hindus celebrate the festival of ‘Sankrant’ on the day of the transition from the Sun to Capricorn. This festival falls in the month of (Poush) January. Since Hindu festivals are based on the lunar year, the Hindu festival does not have to come on a specific date every year like the current English calendar The only exception to this is Sankranti.

Happy Makar Sankranti2022

Celebrated On

Makar Sankrant is celebrated on the 14th of January every year.

Why does Makar Sankranti fall on the same day?

Why does Makar Sankranti always fall on the same day? Many of us must have pondered such a thing. It is the only Hindu festival that takes place on the same day. This is due to the fact that it follows the solar calendar (the position of the sun). The dates of all other festivals are determined by the lunar calendar, hence they vary from year to year. At this time, the solar eclipse begins. The day is slowly getting bigger. Every day, if you watch the sun rise or set, you will see that its position has changed. The Sun moves further towards north direction when the Earth’s North Pole is closer to the Sun. From March 21 until June 21, the sun goes towards North direction. This is known as ‘Uttarayan’ From September 22 until December 22, the sun goes towards South direction. This is known as ‘Dakshinayan’ On March 22 and September 22, the sun rises in the East.

The ‘Equinox’ refers to these two dates. Day and night are the same duration on this day. (The equinox is one of two times throughout the year when the Sun is directly above the Equator and day and night are of equal length)

This festival is held for three days in Maharashtra. Bhogi, Sankrant, and Kinkrant are some of its names.

The first day of Sankranti is celebrated as Bhogi. Sesame paste, sesame millet bread, butter, and muga khichdi are used to combine all of the vegetables, fruits, and vegetables accessible in this environment. On the day of Sankranti, jaggery and sesame have a special significance. On cold days, eating hot sesame seeds with jaggery is thought to be beneficial to one’s health.

On Sankranti, everyone is wished to the family members and friends to increase the affection by saying ‘Tilgul ghya aani godgod bola’ (Til means Sesame and Gul means Jaggery) ‘तिळगुळ घ्या आणि गोड बोला’ ‘take Tilgul and speak sweet’. Married women celebrate haldi-kumkum programme on this day. Sesame is very important for Sankranti. This is a cold time of year. As a result, sesame seeds, millet bread, butter, muga dal khichdi, eggplant, carrot, and other strengthening foods are included in the meal to build heat in the body. Perfection is another meaning of sesame. Smoothness of Sesame is like a combination of love and friendship. The Purpose is to increase love by exchanging this sesame on this particular day, to strengthen affection, and to add new affection and to restore the broken relationships and enhance the old relationships.

The Purpose

India is mostly a farming country. Farmers celebrate the event by giving each other Sugda (Clay Pot), which they fill with their grain and give to many other farmers. The objective is to share samples of vegetables and grains grown in their own field, to debate better kinds, and to swap seeds for higher yields.

It is cold during Sankranti. Therefore, sesame and jaggery, which provide high calorie to the body, are very important on this day. Sesame is offered to the Sun and to God. On this day, Married women (Suvasini) gives Sugda (clay pot) as a gift to another Suvasini. Sugada filled up with wheat seeds , pieces of carrots, sugarcane pieces, peas, peanuts, groundnuts, sacks, bunch of herbs, sesame seeds, halwa (sugar beads) put into the sugada (clay pot) with applying kumkum &turmeric lines on it and they worshiped it .

Because black cloth absorbs heat, it is given special attention during Sankranti. Around Sankranti, black saris, black shirts, and other items begin to appear in the textile market.

Special significance

This festival has a special significance for newlywed girls. On the first Sankranti after marriage, special black colored clothes are bought for the newlyweds. They wear ornaments which is made of Halwa (sugar beads) and call Suvasini (married women ) for Haldi-kukum. They are given a halwa made from sesame seeds or sesame seeds and sugar. A useful item like Niranjan, green Bangles, Pockets of Haldi Kumkum, small steel boxes, decorative and useful Things, small ladies bags and many more types of gifting Things is given as a gift to Suvasini. in Marathi language it is called ‘Awa Lutne’.

Happy Makar Sankranti

This festival is quite significant in terms of culture.

The meals of this event vary according to different beliefs, however the main identity of this festival is dal and rice porridge. On this day, it’s crucial to eat khichdi with jaggery and ghee. Apart from that, Makar Sankranti is known with sesame and jaggery (Til-Gul). On this day, one rises early in the morning and takes a sesame seed bath. Following that, the entire family worships the sun god, offering him Arghya(represents One of the various ingredients used during Worship) and khichdi. Furthermore, during Makar Sankranti, they pay respect to their forefathers and present them Tarpans(some kind of Vidhi). On this day, sesame and jaggery laddu, as well as other delicacies, are prepared. Married women also exchange turmeric kumkum at this time. This is thought to provide her husband a long life. This festival is very important culturally. Then jaggery, sesame seeds, blankets, fruits etc are donated. Kites are flown on several days a day. People sneer at each other and say ‘take Tilgul — speak sweet’ In Marathi language ‘Tilgul ghya godgod Bola’ -’तिळगुळ घ्या आणि गोड बोला’ (Til means Sesame and Gul means Jaggery). This is a great opportunity to forget your old quarrels and enemies, and to build a relationship of love and harmony again. It is used to strengthen the relationship of those who have a good relationship.

Boys and girls under one year of age are celebrated ‘boronhan’(bor is a fruit of jujube tree) on any day from Sankranti to Rathsaptami. At this time, they make jewelry of Halwa (sugar beads) to the children. Churmure(puffed rice, Battase, Bor ( bor is a fruit of jujube tree), Halwa (Sugar beads), Sesame ladoo etc. are collected and the baby is placed in the middle and showered with these food items. Children in and around the house are also present at this time and collect food and eat it.

Happy Makar Sankranti
Makar Sankranti Information



Mansi Mestry