Rabindranath Tagore -The first Indian short story writer Information
Ø Life and Events
Rabindranath was born on May 7, 1861 in Bengal to a noble Thakur family. Wealthy but simple living and high thinking were the features of Thakur family. The socio-cultural work of many of these families, who were the home of reverence, the pinnacle of holiness, and the agar of art culture, was commendable. His father Devendranath considered “revival of Vedic religion” to be his life’s work. For this, he had set up a “Tattvabodhini” meeting. By publishing the “Tattvabodhini Patrika” of this meeting, he brought to the notice of the society many questions like astronomy, education, women’s reform, alleviation of the plight of farmers, religious attacks of missionaries, etc.
He transformed the “Bramho Sabha” founded by Rajaram Mohan Rao into the “Bramho Samaj” and made it the abode of modern intellectuals. Although his life’s work was to revive the Vedic religion, which was mired in the mire of idolatry and casteism, he also played a major role in nation building. People used to call him “Maharshi” because of his pious deeds. Thus a father like Devendranath had a profound effect on Rabindranath’s cultured mind. He had also traveled to the Himalayas with his father. “Santiniketan” was his father’s meditation ground. Rabindranath’s mother’s name was Shardadevi.
Ø Interest In many different Things
Rabindranath started going to school at the age of eight. But he was more interested in street scenes than in school. They were thinking a lot about what they saw. His mind never played in school.
He was more interested in leisure, observation, contemplation and solitude. That is why he was able to write excellent poetry and books. Seeing the vastness of Rabindranath’s life, the mind becomes dull. It is unbelievable that one man has created so many different things. He was interested in education, politics, sociology, village design, housing, development of traditional industries, basic study of old and new sciences, costumes, festivals, etc. They strive to be prosperous and beautiful.
He continued to develop literary genres like poetry, songs, plays, stories, novels, essays, letters, etc., as well as music, painting, dance, drama, acting, etc., with great ease.
Rabindranath taught us to love life. From waking up in the morning to going to bed at night, he was engaged in various activities. As a result, his body was always agile, sharp, and his mind and intellect were fluid.
Ø The Great Poet, Writer, Philosopher
Mahatma Gandhi called him a “Gurudev” because his life’s values were to find and preserve the eternal values of life and to write stories and novels based on them. At the age of eleven, he wrote his first poem. And then over a period of seventy years his fifty collections of poetry were published. He wrote over a thousand poems, two thousand songs. Abundance, variety is found in his poetry. Poetry was considered by him as “Jeevansadhana”. He handled almost all types of poetry like nature poems, love poems, devotional poems, national poems. In his poetry there is a combination of suggestive, relevant and comprehensible wording and sentimental sound, rhythm. That is why his collection of poems “Gitanjali” won the world famous Nobel Prize in 1913. Rabindranath also made a name for himself as a storyteller. Although his storytelling is not abundant, it is diverse and varied in terms of content and invention. His storytelling technique was independent. According to Borkar, he was the first Indian short story writer.
The few distinguishing details that give rise to the story, the unwavering ability to reach the bottom of human nature, the ease of writing, the unprecedented vision of the intricacies of human psychoanalysis, are the salient features of his story. Rabindranath also did many experiments in drama and painting. And they succeeded.
Rabindranath’s father Devendranath bought land on a hill at “Bolapur” near Calcutta and built a temple. It became known as “Shantiniketan”. Later, Rabindranath started an ashram school there. It later became a university and became known as “Visva-Bharati”.
Rabindranath Tagore died on August 7, 1941
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